European and Serbian writers on genocide

               Two books of Milivoje Markovic: Documents on the evil times.-
               What was Brecht's reaction when he heard that Germany had
               capitulated. - Stories about suffering of Serbs in Romania
               were hushed down here, too.

               Two books of Milivoje Markovic's essays, on the relations of
               the European and Serbian writers andpoets towards genocide
               and fascism have been recently presented to the public.
               "Politics as Terrorism", published by the Serbian Literary
               Collective, and "Veronika's Scarf" published by "Rad". Both
               documents represent a novelty both here and abroad, as well
               as a document on the creative stamina and ethics of those
               European and Serbian writers who had raised their voice
               against the greatest evil of the modern world.


               The ideas of fascism have still not disappeared, pointed out
               Marko Nedic, reviewer of Markovic's books, so that these
               works must be understood as a criticism of dehumanized
               politics. Writers of worldwide, universall importance have
               been analyzed: Thomas Mann, Erich Maria Remarque, Curtzio
               Malaparte, Joseph Kessell, Isaq Bashevis Singer...This also
               includes Eli Viesel, whose work is also great, but who has
               disgraced himself with his attitude towards Serbia.

               One of the chief Markovic's theses was taken from the Italian
               poet Salvatore Quasimodo: Politicians want man to die
               courageoulsy, while poets want him to live courageously.

               Courage is, it seems, relative when it clashes with
               apocaliptic images of slaughter, concentration camps,
               racism... Thus, where do writers find power to write, in
               spite of all the horrors that they are faced with? M.Markovic
               is also settling accounts with the thesis of the German
               philosopher and socilogist, Theodore Adorno, that only those
               who had experienced holocaust could write about it. At the
               same time, Adorno did not state who were those who actually
               survived that hell. Researches of the kind include
               embarassing surprise, too. For example, M.Markovic mentiones
               a poem by Bertold Brecht, who used to think of himself as a
               communist all of his life, but who nevertheless wrote: "The
               war has been degraded!" upon hearing the news on the
               capitulation of Germany. Does it mean that he has experienced
               the defeat of his country as a German, and not as an


               France who used to have a strong antifascist movement,
               produced only a few works on the subject of genocide and
               fascism . For a while, it was almost indecent to talk, and
               God forbid, write about the French defeat in 1940, and the
               disgrace of Petain's collaborationism. However, one of the
               exceptions was Paul Elliard, who had acknowledged the
               disgrace, the system for humiliation of the people,
               concentration camps.

               The Serbian writers have written extensively about fascism as
               a part of the terrible experience of the people they belong
               too. Branko Copic, Dusan Kostic, Desanka Maksimovic,
               Aleksandar Tisma, Antonije Isakovic, Brana Petrovic, Dragan
               Kolundzija, Vojo Lubarda, Iso Kalac and others, are only some
               of them. M.Markovic gives a special place to Ljuba Jandic,
               who had survived Jasenovac's hell as a kid, and who, in spite
               of deep traumas, has managed to write a novel about that
               death camp. An example to the contrary, is the Croatian
               literature, in which, with a few exceptions, there are no
               works on the Ustashi crimes.

               R. Kovacevic