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Source: Chicago-Kent College of Law, by: Davor Wagner, Thursday, 1 Dec 1994

IN STATEMENT AT SARAJEVO, SECRETARY-GENERAL CALLS FOR READINESS TO NEGOTIATE AND COOPERATE WITH UNPROFOR IF PARTIES WANT TO RETAIN UN SUPPORT: Expresses Disappointment that Bosnian Serb Leader Declined to Meet With Him

Following is the text of the statement made today by Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali at Sarajevo: SG/SM/5500, 30 November 1994: I came to Sarajevo at the express request of President Izetbegovic and Dr. Karadzic. Both of them had drawn my attention to the recent deterioration in the military situation, especially in the Bihac pocket. This has been of great concern to the Security Council in recent days.

My purpose in coming here was not to enter into detailed negotiation but to convey to both sides a simple message. That message is that if they want to retain the assistance and support of the United Nations in bringing this terrible war to an end they must do two things. First, they must show a readiness to negotiate and work in good faith to find common ground. Secondly, they must cooperate with the United Nations Protection Force (UNPROFOR) and the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR).

The UNPROFOR is here to help them reach agreements and implement those agreements. It is not here to become a party to the conflict. It can only carry out its mandates if the two parties cooperate with it. My message to them is that unless they do this it will become impossible for me to persuade the Security Council to keep UNPROFOR here. We face a new situation in which the members of the United Nations are increasingly critical in their assessment of peace-keeping operations.

I spent nearly two hours this morning in a frank exchange of views with President Izetbegovic. I conveyed my message to him. He conveyed to me his views about the effectiveness of United Nations operations in this country. We discussed specific action that could be taken now to reach agreement on measures to bring the military situation under control and create conditions in which negotiations for a political settlement can reach a successful conclusion.

I had invited Dr. Karadzic to meet me at the airport this afternoon so
that I could have a similar discussion with him. I have to express my
disappointment and surprise that he declined my invitation and that it has not therefore been possible for me to convey my message to him personally. Nor have I had the opportunity to press him to lift the unacceptable restrictions he is currently placing on the movement of United Nations personnel and convoys, including the resupply of the Bangladeshi Battalion in Bihac. Another matter of concern is the Bosnian Serbs' deployment of anti aircraft systems which are impeding the humanitarian airlift.

Mr. Akashi will be pursuing these matters with Dr. Karadzic at an early
opportunity. But I believe that in declining to meet the Secretary General of the United Nations Dr. Karadzic has done his people a great disservice.

The leaders of this country face critical decisions. I call upon them
all to face up to their responsibilities and to make it possible for the
international community, through its various agencies, to help them bring
peace to their peoples.
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